The Figaret fabric guide
Once the cut, the colour and the collar have been chosen, the choice of material remains.
Depending on the weave, the number and the colour of the threads, the fabric will have a different appearance and a particular texture specific to its weave.
Here are the fabrics to know in order to make the right choice.
First used for trousers and called "toile de Nîmes", denim has since been democratized and is perfect for casual shirts. Dyed with indigo (the colour that used to be called "Genoa blue", which gave the name "jeans"), this twill weave fabric offers real solidity and washes out as the indigo wears off.
Chambray is a fabric built on a plain weave and most often in cotton. Quite light, it is similar to yarn to yarn because it is also constructed with a white or unbleached weft and a coloured warp dyed with indigo. It is this indigo which has a patina that gives this fabric its casual look.
THE PIQUE JERSEY
Quilted cotton refers to cotton fabric with diamond, relief, line-stitch or square patterns. This fabric is stretchy, wrinkle-free and easy to care for. Its softness and suppleness make it the perfect fabric for a casual shirt.
Our linen is a 100% European product, grown in Normandy and Belgium. An exceptional fabric that respects the environment - as it does not require fertilizing or watering, it is breathable, thermo-regulating, durable and biodegradable by nature, and is soft and silky on contact with the skin.
Pique shirts will come back next season.
The fabric is the number one ingredient of the shirt and is one of the major elements that make its quality. If the construction of the fabric is sometimes difficult to understand, it plays an important role in the visual aspect of the shirt, but also in its use according to the occasions or the seasons.
Always composed of a warp (the threads along the length of the weave) and a weft (the threads along the width), fabrics are recognisable and differentiated by different constructions between these horizontal and vertical threads.
Although an infinite number of constructions exist, they are most often part of one of the three main types of weave: plain (a classic checkerboard pattern), twill (compact and oblique) and satin (brighter because the weft hardly appears)
The Type of Thread
There are two main types of yarn: single and double twisted. Single yarn is a yarn that has been spun by machine (spinning machine) and is the most basic type. Double (or triple) is a yarn made up of two or three single yarns that have been twisted together.
This technique makes the yarn softer, stronger and increases the diameter of the yarn for a better quality fabric. Egyptian cotton, known for its length and fineness, is often used to create double-twisted yarns.
The canvas WEAVE
This is the simplest weave, as the weft thread passes successively under the warp thread and then continuously over it. This type of uniform weave makes fabrics known as "grain", the two sides are identical, there is neither back nor front.
Poplin is the best example of a plain weave fabric.
THE SATIN WEAVE
Satin weave, as the name suggests, produces fabrics with a satin effect. The weave is similar to twill as there is only one binding stitch on each thread, except that here the stitches are scattered to avoid a slanting effect.
THE TWILL WEAVE
This weave is characterised by its oblique lines. This is achieved by the specific alternation of the threads; the weft thread passes under one or more warp threads and then over a larger number of warp threads, or vice versa. Depending on the weave, twill can be weft-effect or warp-effect.
Twill fabrics are flexible and easily recognisable by the diagonal weave. Note that the back and front of the fabric are different depending on the weft or warp effect.
The titling or "thread title" or "thread number" indicates the quality of the fabric used for the shirt. It allows the fineness of the yarn to be determined according to the weight/length ratio. The higher the number, the finer, lighter, silkier and more resistant the yarn will be, resulting in a good quality fabric.